• President George W. Bush oversaw the creation of the
category of unlawful combatants for detainees from Afghanistan, Iraq,
and other countries for the purpose of denying them rights granted to
all prisoners under international law.
• President Bush requested or allowed policies that
resulted in torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment and
extrajudicial executions of detainees in Afghanistan and Iraq. These
practices are not only morally repugnant but are strictly forbidden by
the Geneva Conventions and violate the US War Crimes Act of 1996.
• Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense of the United
States, oversaw the development and approved of policies governing
interrogation techniques that clearly constituted torture. These
practices, used against Iraqi detainees, included hooding, prolonged
isolation, death threats, extended nakedness, suffocation, intimidation
by dogs, and physical harm and injury.
• Secretary Rumsfeld received credible reports of
torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment of Iraqi detainees
as early as November 2003 and did not investigate those allegations.
• Secretary Rumsfeld received clear photographic
evidence of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of Iraqi
detainees and did not act to stop it.
• Secretary Rumsfeld intentionally restricted the
International Committee of the Red Cross's access to some Iraqi
detainees, in direct contravention of the Geneva Convention.
• These policies and practices resulted in the deaths of
detainees and the torture and ill-treatment of many others in
Afghanistan and Iraq.
• Torture is both morally unacceptable and unlawful in
all cases; policies designed to permit torture are equally unacceptable